The word “Hatha Vidya” means the wisdom of yoga. The term ‘Hatha’ in Sanskrit is composed of two syllables ‘Ha’ and ‘tha’, ‘ha’ represents the prana or vital energy and ‘tha’ means the moon, representing the mental energy. By practicing Hatha Vidya, these two energy flows are synchronized leading to a balanced state of mind.
Hatha Vidya is the purest and the most traditional form of yoga. It is the first step to improve one’s psycho physiological state (mind and body) and complete well being. Hatha Vidya empowers one to control the mind through body.
Practice of Hatha Vidya
Beginning with easy asanas (postures) the body is made to undergo a thorough cleansing process based on the Shad Karma Kriyas (a six-fold cleansing process) to equip the body for a full-fledged practice of Kumbhaka Padhathi (Pranayama). Then with the use of Mudras (symbolic gestures) & Bandhas (a binding action involving pressure or contraction) the Practitioner is fully prepared to explore Nadaanusandhan (pursuing inner and external sounds, a pure and meticulous practice of corporeal and spiritual bliss).
The Five Essentials of Yogasana Practice
FLOW (VINYASA): The process of placing body parts with complete awareness of movements to attain an asana (yoga posture). Similarly demounting the yoga posture with awareness, and reaching the base position.
BREATHING (SHWASA): The synchronization of the breath with the movements of the body parts during the process of attaining the yoga postures.
MAINTAINING THE POSTURE (STITHI): In the final posture of a yogasana, there is a certain duration for which the body has to be maintained, to derive maximum benefits
FOCAL POINT (DRISHTI): Having attained the final yoga posture, it's important to focus on specific internal and external points of the body.
RELAXATION (VISHRANTI): During the movements of the body while performing the asanas, and in between the asanas, the body needs to be in a relaxed state.
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